Mark Lebedew did a couple of posts on the subject of taking timeouts. In them he referenced research indicating that calling a timeout has no net effect on odds of winning the next rally. Basically, they stay the same whether the timeout is taken or not. There was a fair bit of discussion about probabilities in the comments. Of course the idea of momentum came up (we’re not talking technical timeouts here).

Most coaches probably think in terms of trying to break the other team’s momentum (or keep them from getting it) when taking a timeout. This isn’t to say there aren’t other reasons, of course. You may pick up on something you want to tell the team, for example. The vast majority of the time, however, momentum is the deciding factor. We look at our players struggling and want to try to give them a chance for a mental reset.

To that end, I want to see stats on something with a little bit longer time span. For example, the next five rallies. Does calling timeout improve a team’s performance when addressing things from that perspective? To my mind, that is really what we’re after (or should be) when we call for a team huddle.

I do see some ridiculous timeouts, by the way. Like the coach whose team is getting soundly thrashed calling time out at set point. What does he really think he’s going to accomplish?

Sometimes you just need to let the players sort it out for themselves. In a developmental circumstance I will oftentimes not call timeout when the team is struggling. I want to see if they can fight through and overcome the adversity on their own. Better if they can develop that ability than if they have to rely on me all the time.

So what about you? What’s your timeout philosophy?

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John Forman
John Forman

John is currently the Talent Strategy Manager (oversees the national teams) and Indoor Performance Director for Volleyball England, as well as Global Director for Volleyball for Nation Academy. His volleyball coaching experience includes all three NCAA divisions, plus Junior College, in the US; university and club teams in the UK; professional coaching in Sweden; and both coaching and club management at the Juniors level. He's also been a visiting coach at national team, professional club, and juniors programs in several countries. Learn more on his bio page.

    2 replies to "When to call a timeout"

    • Dean Turner

      Hey John,
      Like you have said my objective is to break up the current flow of the match. It is difficult these days with TTOs as these provide significant flow breaks but in many domestic competitions in AUS we do not use TTO so the simple TO provides that flow interruption. Loss of concentration, simple skill errors following or overall change of match flow are outcomes sought from “taking a break”!

    • Miki

      We train to have ’30 seconds’ in practice when thing are not going the right way for some reason (example: last 10/20 minutes of a high-rithm practice when they start losing focus). The team/players that are struggling have 30 second to regroup, no feedback from my side, just by themselves. Sometimes they group, hug (when it was still possible, sigh), exchange information, sometimes they take it alone, it’s up to them.

      In game I propose the same scenario, calling timeout and only saying “you have 30 seconds”.
      (This last one is a bit of a lie, often I’m not really “only saying” that)

      But for many of them it’s a known territory, they nod, they go finding their source of energy, in the group or alone, they’ve been there.

Please share your own ideas and opinions.